American Craft BeerBeerAdvocate MagGerman BeerGermanyOctoberfestOktoberfest

Saving Oktoberfest…

Oktoberfest is an unavoidable tourist trap of a beer drinking holiday in much of the world, with perhaps no greater faux revelry than in the United States. With no ties to any continental or European history or tradition, bars simply stock up on some half-liters (often plastic, ugh), some white and blue checked flags, and maybe even an oompah band, and they’ve got instant fest-in-a-box. Zum what?

And despite being one of the most popular seasonal beer drinking occasions, American brewers sure do make some shitty Oktoberfests. While giving a required nod towards the tradition of Germany, many so-called American versions of this historic style, their resulting beers fall so wide of the mark as to be unrecognizable. Often cast as ales, the trademark smoothness imparted by extended cold conditioning is replaced for a ubiquitous and yawn inducing fruit character. For many U.S. crafts, Oktoberfest beers also just mean a lightly red-hued beer, with no toasted or bready malt character, and little to no soft and subtle beauty. Often brewed without the addition of German or Euro malts or noble hops, the beers offer little if anything beyond the chance to slap an Oktoberfest label on the bottle and score some easy seasonal sales.

In the last decade, Americans have grown quite adept at celebrating if not quite replicating Belgian beer culture, with pubs and restaurants dedicated to all things Flemish and Wallonian. With classy and well-appointed gastropubs popping up in cities throughout America, the future of the Belgian beer bar seems undeniable. These upscale, Belgian themed establishments offer dozens of characterful and diverse styles, distinctive and well-presented glassware, and rough approximations of traditional pub fare. Belgian brewers often marvel at how well-established their nation’s beer culture is here. Between these dedicated pubs and the wide varieties of Lambics, Tripels, and Witbiers available at even your corner packie, Belgian beer culture is arguably more popular now in the United States than in its home country.

The same cannot be said of poor old Deutschland. While the development of the United States market has saved many traditional Belgian beers from extinction, German imports into the country have stagnated. Sure, we’ve got a handful of Hofbrauhaus knock-offs popping up around the country, but few bars let alone American craft breweries look to Germany for inspiration and great beers.

That brings us back to the saddest German beer story of them all: Oktoberfest. Perhaps the world’s quintessential and most iconic beer event, the original beer festival now largely masquerades as a beer selling bonanza for massive, foreign owned corporate behemoths. While some glorious, rich, toasted and malty beers still exist in Germany, they are increasingly difficult to find, having been replaced at the fest either by lighter colored facsimiles or just plain Helles beer.

Oktoberfest is undoubtedly one of the most enticing and saleable beer drinking occasions on the global beer calendar and its charms are appreciated across the world. Despite its obvious appeal, brewers, bar owners, and consumers often just treat it as a German Cinco de Mayo, an excuse to eat vaguely foreign food and get trashed, with a little polka mixed in. German beer culture deserves better and it’s time to start treating traditional German brewing styles with respect and not just as novelty.

That leaves us here in the states with a task ahead of us. As a beer loving nation dedicated to preserving and promoting great and classic beer styles from around the globe, however obscure (Gose anyone?), we need to step up and help resurrect Oktoberfest beer. To date, we’ve sufficed with the production of bland, traditionless Autumn or Harvest Ales posing as Oktoberfests.

-Article appeared in Issue 57 of BeerAdvocate Magazine.

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5 thoughts on “Saving Oktoberfest…

  1. Arguably though, American Oktoberfests represent their own unique historical style and shouldn’t be judged by the standards set for German Oktoberfests.

    While I agree that most American ‘fest/Marzens fall wide of the Munich standard, I’ve had some decent “American Amber Lagers” which masqueraded as Oktoberfests. These tend to be drier, hoppier and thinner-bodied than their German equivalents, but good for what they are. Perhaps more like a lighter-colored Altbier. Often, these American ‘fest beers pair better with food and are more drinkable in warmer weather.

    Finally, don’t let the German brewers off the hook. Over the last 30 years, “traditional” amber Oktoberfests/Maerzens have become much harder to find. Modern Oktoberfests/Maerzens are golden in color, often cloyingly sweet, with noticeable levels of noble aroma hops. Basically, an Export/Dortmunder without the attenuation and IBU to make it really well balanced.

  2. Oktoberfest, St. Patrick’s Day, Cinco de Mayo, Mardi Gras in any city not named New Orleans… We excel at “faux revelry.”

    Regarding stagnating German imports, I wonder if it’s more of a price issue than anything else. I don’t know the numbers but I suspect the same could be said of bottled British ales. Belgian ales are sexier and stronger, but all three are in that upper price range whether in a bar`or a shop

    I’m always tempted by the German and British beers when visiting an American bottle shop, but $5 a half-liter (or much more in a bar or pub) is steep when there are flavorful American beers at lower prices.

  3. If you haven’t had a chance to have New Glarus’s Oktoberfest you’re missing out on one of the better American made interpretations on this style. It’s probably more like a traditional Oktoberfest beer than what is being served (Helles) at the festival. Dan Carey excels at making lagers.

  4. “Despite its obvious appeal, brewers, bar owners, and consumers often just treat it as a German Cinco de Mayo, an excuse to eat vaguely foreign food and get trashed, with a little polka mixed in.”

    For better or for worse this is American culture! It can be a lot of fun! Relax, have a beer, and enjoy it for what it is.

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